"Hegemony refers to a process of social control that is carried out through the moral and intellectual leadership of a dominant sociocultural class over subordinate groups"
Gramsci, 1971 in Darder, A. et al. (2009) Critical Pedagogy: An Introduction. In: Antonia, D. et al. eds. (2013) The critical pedagogy reader. 1st ed. NY: Routledge, p.12.Through dominance a ruling class performs and instates cultural norms. People and ideas outside of these norms are the "abject". Occasionally a group dares to stress the boundaries of normality by using an abject term among their own group like; "nigger," "fagot" or "bitch." The overuse of this term eventually not only negates the meaning but create something positive from it, a feeling of belonging or even strength. One can experience this in art as well like in the art by Kiki Smith or Mike Kelly. A teacher can plant the seeds in the pupil to constantly harass domination, to constantly ask, "Why are these the accepted norms in culture, politics and why are these abject?" In my work I attempt to explore and mingle the abject with the righteous. Here I paint a picture of Zipporah (the wife of Moses) using a pose from a nude photograph from the early 1900`s. By labelling an abject image of a woman with that of a righteous woman we could start to question the sexuality of women. ____________________________________________________ References: Darder, A. et al. (2009) Critical Pedagogy: An Introduction. In: Antonia, D. et al. eds. (2013) The critical pedagogy reader. 1st ed. NY: Routledge, p.1-20.